Wednesday, March 31, 2004


The Institute of the Oratory of St. Philip Neri was founded by the saint in Rome in 1575, approved in 1612, and confederated and reapproved in 1942. It consists of independent communities of secular priests held under obedience but not bound by vows, and it is dedicated

Tuesday, March 30, 2004

Ear, Human, Auditory nerve fibres

The vestibulocochlear nerve consists of two anatomically and functionally distinct parts: the cochlear nerve, which innervates the organ of hearing, and the vestibular nerve, which innervates the organs of equilibrium. The fibres of the cochlear nerve originate from an aggregation of nerve cell bodies, the spiral ganglion, located in the modiolus of the cochlea.

Monday, March 29, 2004


Also spelled �Watercolor,� pigment ground in gum, usually gum arabic, and applied with brush and water to a painting surface, usually paper; the term also denotes a work of art executed in this medium. The pigment is ordinarily transparent but can be made opaque by mixing with a whiting and in this form is known as body colour, or gouache (q.v.); it can also be mixed with casein, a phosphoprotein of

Sunday, March 28, 2004


Byname �Robert Guiscard, or Robert De Hauteville, �Italian �Roberto Guiscardo, or Roberto D'altavilla� Norman adventurer who settled in Apulia, in southern Italy, about 1047 and became duke of Apulia (1059). He eventually extended Norman rule over Naples, Calabria, and Sicily and laid the foundations of the Kingdom of Sicily.

Saturday, March 27, 2004


Kazak �Taldyqorghan� city, southeastern Kazakstan. It is situated on the left bank of the Karatal River and in the western foothills of the Dzungarian Alatau Range. It grew up on the site of Gavrilovka village, founded in the second half of the 19th century, and it developed particularly after the construction of a branch line from the Turk-Sib Railway in 1949. Food products, construction materials,

Friday, March 26, 2004


City, seat of Kent county, southeastern Ontario, Canada. It lies at the head of navigation on the Thames River. The town originated in 1793 as a naval dockyard and was named after Chatham, Eng. During the War of 1812 a retreating British army under General Henry A. Procter escaped (Oct. 4, 1813) at Chatham from General William Henry Harrison's pursuing American army due to a rearguard action

Thursday, March 25, 2004

Abraham, Karl

While serving as an assistant to the psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler at the Burgh�lzi Mental Hospital in Z�rich (1904 - 07), Abraham met the psychoanalyst Carl Jung and made his initial

Wednesday, March 24, 2004

Lebrun, Charles-fran�ois, Duke (duc) De Plaisance, Prince De L'empire

While he was a lawyer in Paris, Lebrun served as royal censor in 1766, and two years later he became inspector general of the crown lands. As secretary and prot�g� of the chancellor

Tuesday, March 23, 2004


The city was brought under regular Chinese administration only in the early 7th century AD. A county was set up there in 640, and its present name, Tsun-i, was given in 642. It remained the seat of Tsun-i hsien (county), but the area did not begin to be developed

Monday, March 22, 2004


Fertile tract of land that occurs in a desert wherever a perennial supply of fresh water is available. Oases vary in size, ranging from about 1 hectare (2.5 acres) around small springs to vast areas of naturally watered or irrigated land. Underground water sources account for most oases; their springs and wells, some of them artesian, are supplied from sandstone aquifers

Sunday, March 21, 2004

Muhlenberg Family

Henry Melchior M�hlenberg (b. Sept. 6, 1711, Einbeck, Hanover - d. Oct. 7, 1787, Trappe, Pa., U.S.), the founder of the family, studied theology at G�ttingen and Halle. In 1742, in reply to a call from the Lutheran churches

Saturday, March 20, 2004

Moscheles, Ignaz

Moscheles studied at the Prague Conservatory and later at Vienna under J.G. Albrechtsberger and Antonio Salieri. In 1814, commissioned by Artaria

Friday, March 19, 2004


City and port, Vejle amtskommune (county commune), eastern Jutland, Denmark, on the Little Strait, there bridged to Fyn (Funen) island. Founded and chartered in 1650 by Frederick III as a fortress to defend Jutland, it enjoyed special privileges, including freedom of worship and exemption from taxes. After a destructive siege in 1849, the Danes drove off the allied Prussians and

Thursday, March 18, 2004

Malalas, John

Malalas' Chronographia in 18 books is a compilation of history from the Creation certainly to 565, perhaps to 574, but the single extant manuscript ends with events of 563. The greater part of it stresses the importance of Antioch and has a Monophysite flavour. The last part of Book 18 appears to

Wednesday, March 17, 2004

Schelde River

Also spelled �Scheldt, �French �Escaut, � river, 270 miles (435 km) long, that rises in northern France and flows across Belgium to its North Sea outlet in Dutch territory. Along with the Lower Rhine and the Meuse rivers, it drains one of the world's most densely populated areas. As a waterway, with its numerous branch canals and navigable tributaries, it serves an area including the agriculturally important Flanders

Tuesday, March 16, 2004

Dietz, Robert S.

Dietz was educated at the University of Illinois (B.S., 1937; M.S., 1939; Ph.D., 1941). After serving as an officer in the U.S. Army Air Corps during World War II, he became a civilian scientist with the U.S. Navy. In this capacity, he supervised the oceanographic research on

Monday, March 15, 2004

Nagy, Imre

Born to a peasant family, Nagy was apprenticed as a locksmith before being drafted in World War I. Captured by the Russians, he joined

Sunday, March 14, 2004

Osage River

River rising as the Marais des Cygnes (French: �Swan Marshes�) in the Flint Hills near Eskridge, Kan., U.S. It becomes the Osage (named for the Osage Indians) after its junction with the Little Osage near Rich Hill, Mo., and then flows east through the Ozark highlands to enter the Missouri River near Jefferson City. The river is 500 miles (800 km) long and drains 15,300 square miles (39,600 square km). Along

Saturday, March 13, 2004

Kamehameha V

Succeeding to the throne on the death of his younger brother, Kamehameha IV, he immediately revealed his intention to rule with a strong hand, refusing at his inauguration to take the oath to maintain the existing, comparatively liberal constitution. After calling and dismissing a constitutional

Friday, March 12, 2004


Pinyin �Jiangmen, �also called �Kongmoon, � city in central Kwangtung sheng (province), China. The city is situated on the west bank of the main channel of the Hsi River, at the southwest corner of the Canton Delta, some 45 miles (70 km) from Canton. It has excellent waterway communications and is the chief collecting centre and agricultural market for the coastal region west of Canton. Chiang-men was opened as a treaty

Thursday, March 11, 2004

Greek Literature, Lyric poetry

Hesiod, unlike Homer, told something of himself, and the same is true of the lyric poets. Except for Pindar and Bacchylides at the end of the classical period, only fragments of the works of these poets survive. There had always been lyric poetry in Greece. All the great events of life as well as many occupations had their proper songs, and here too the way was open to advance

Wednesday, March 10, 2004

Morat, Battle Of

The Swiss had been drawn into war as allies of the Holy Roman emperor Frederick III and

Tuesday, March 09, 2004

Nebuchadrezzar Ii

Nebuchadrezzar II was the oldest son and successor of Nabopolassar, founder of the Chaldean empire. He is known from cuneiform inscriptions, the Bible and later Jewish sources,

Saturday, March 06, 2004


The artifacts of the group were mainly brick-red gritty bowls, stone tools, and large tri-legged vessels of grey pottery. Evidence of bronze

Friday, March 05, 2004

Dandolo, Enrico

Dandolo's father, Vitale, had held important public positions; and during Enrico Dandolo's public life he was sent on many important missions for the Venetian government.

Thursday, March 04, 2004


At this time an observer on the Moon would see the Earth as a bright body, four times the diameter of the Moon as seen from Earth, almost completely illuminated

Wednesday, March 03, 2004


Watch or vigil held over the body of a dead person before burial and sometimes accompanied by festivity; also, in England, a vigil kept in commemoration of the dedication of the parish church. The latter type of wake consisted of an all-night service of prayer and meditation in the church. These services, officially termed Vigiliae by the church, appear to have existed

Tuesday, March 02, 2004


Later she guarded Helen after she had been stolen from Sparta by Theseus; in retribution

Monday, March 01, 2004

Aseret Yeme Teshuva

English �Ten Days of Penitence� the first 10 days of the Jewish religious year. See yamim nora'im.